Summary | Background: Data on the effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on metabolic profiles among subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are scarce.

Objective: This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on glucose metabolism and lipid profiles in subjects with PCOS.

Design, patients and measurements: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 60 women diagnosed with PCOS. Subjects were randomly assigned into two groups to intake either 100 mg CoQ10 supplements (N = 30) or placebo (N = 30) per day for 12 weeks. Markers of insulin metabolism and lipid profiles were assessed at first and 12 weeks after the intervention.

Results: After 12 weeks of intervention, compared to the placebo, subjects who received CoQ10 supplements had significantly decreased fasting plasma glucose (−0·24 ± 0·51 vs +0·01 ± 0·44 mmol/l, P = 0·04), serum insulin concentrations (−7·8 ± 14·4 vs +6·0 ± 15·0 pmol/l, P < 0·001), the homeostasis model of assessment-estimated insulin resistance (−0·3 ± 0·6 vs +0·2 ± 0·6, P = 0·001), the homeostasis model of assessment-estimated B-cell function (−5·4 ± 9·5 vs +4·5 ± 9·9, P < 0·001) and increased the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (+0·006 ± 0·009 vs −0·006 ± 0·01, P < 0·001). In addition, changes in serum total- (−0·10 ± 0·48 vs +0·19 ± 0·50 mmol/l, P = 0·02) and LDL-cholesterol concentrations (−0·15 ± 0·40 vs +0·14 ± 0·49 mmol/l, P = 0·01) in supplemented women were significantly different from those of women in the placebo group. When we adjusted the analysis for baseline values of biochemical parameters, age and baseline BMI, serum LDL-cholesterol (P = 0·05) became nonsignificant, and other findings did not alter.

Conclusions: Overall, CoQ10 supplementation for 12 weeks among subjects with PCOS had beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, serum total- and LDL-cholesterol levels.

Mansooreh Samimi, Maryam Zarezade Mehrizi, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Hossein Akbari, Mehri Jamilian, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Zatollah Asemi

First published: 10 January 2017
DOI: 10.1111/cen.13288

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