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Abstract: The Mediterranean Diet (MD) has been associated with reduced mortality and risk of cardiovascular diseases, but there is only limited evidence on cancer. We investigated the relationship between adherence to MD and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer (and estrogen/progesterone receptor subtypes, ER/PR). In the Netherlands Cohort Study, 62,573 women aged 55–69 years provided information […]

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Controversy exists regarding the safety of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) following recent reports of an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. To investigate the association between TRT and cardiovascular outcomes in men with androgen deficiency. A retrospective cohort study was conducted within an integrated health care delivery system. Men at least 40 years old with […]

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Abstract | Introduction: The female sexual response is complex and influenced by several biological, psychological, and social factors. Testosterone is believed to modulate a woman’s sexual response and desire, because low levels are considered a risk factor for impaired sexual function, but previous studies have been inconclusive. Aim: To investigate how androgen levels and psychosocial […]

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Abstract | Context: Findings of studies of testosterone’s effects on muscle strength and physical function in older men have been inconsistent; its effects on muscle power and fatigability have not been studied. Objective: To determine the effects of testosterone administration for 3 years in older men on muscle strength, power, fatigability, and physical function. Design, […]

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Abstract | Context: Common concerns when using low-calorie diets as a treatment for obesity are the reduction in fat-free mass, mostly muscular mass, that occurs together with the fat mass (FM) loss, and determining the best methodologies to evaluate body composition changes. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the very-low-calorie ketogenic (VLCK) diet-induced changes in […]

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Abstract | Context: Endothelial microRNA 126 (miR-126) attenuates the development of atherosclerosis (AS). However, there is no evidence showing the role of miR-126 in estrogen’s antiatherogenic effects. Objective: We hypothesized that 17β-estradiol (E2) modulates miR-126 expression and thus may improve endothelial function and retard AS development. Design/Setting/Participants: This was a prospective cohort study of 12 […]

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Summary: Recently, it has been reported that treatment with testosterone (T) could have favorable effects on prostate inflammation; however, the data appear inconsistent. The main evidences concern experimental studies, and there is lower information obtainable from clinical studies. This study was conducted on patients with diagnosis of male accessory gland infection (MAGI) and a concomitant […]

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To determine the degree of transparency of health insurer policies regarding coverage of male sexual health conditions, we examined the publicly available policy coverage documents of the largest US medical insurance plans. We selected two index patients across the male sexual health spectrum: (1) a PDE5 refractory erectile dysfunction patient requiring intracavernosal injection therapy or […]

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Abstract | CONTEXT: We hypothesize that endogenous sex steroids are associated with fracture risk independent of race/ethnicity. DESIGN AND SETTING: We performed a nested case-control study within the prospective Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS). Incident non-spine fractures were identified in 381 Black, 192 Hispanic, 112 Asian, and 46 Native American women over an average […]

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Abstract | Objective: Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) binds and transports testosterone and estradiol in plasma. The possibility that SHBG is a mixture of transporting proteins has been postulated. We analyzed in parallel the effects of obesity status on the levels and binding capacity of circulating SHBG and their relationship with testosterone and estradiol. Design: Anthropometric […]